Longitudinal Studies of Gambling
Gambling is an activity where a person puts something of value at risk in the hope of winning a prize, typically money. This can be done in a number of ways, including playing casino games such as blackjack and roulette, betting on horse races, football accumulators and other sporting events, or by buying lottery tickets or instant scratch cards. It can also involve speculating on business, insurance or stock markets.
While gambling can have positive impacts for gamblers, it also has negative social and economic effects on society. These effects can be observed at the individual, interpersonal, community and societal levels and have both immediate and longer-term consequences. They can include financial strain, deteriorating health and well-being, increased debt and decreased household income, and reduced productivity. Negative impacts can also result in family dysfunction and escalating into gambling addiction.
Research on gambling has been dominated by studies of its economic impact, with few studies exploring the positive effects. However, longitudinal studies of gambling can help to understand the underlying dynamics of this behaviour. In particular, such studies can provide insight into why people continue to gamble and how they change their gambling patterns over time.
Longitudinal studies are also important for understanding the mechanisms of gambling harms, because they can reveal the complexities involved in gambling behaviour. They can also help researchers develop strategies to address the problem and prevent it from arising in the first place. However, longitudinal studies of gambling are challenging to mount because of the massive funding required for a multiyear commitment; the difficulty in maintaining research team continuity over a long period of time; and the danger of sample attrition.
In addition to identifying the behavioural drivers of gambling, longitudinal studies can also identify the broader social and economic costs and benefits associated with the activity. Such studies can lead to the development of a methodology for evaluating gambling impacts that is based on a public health approach. In particular, they can be used to measure the impacts of gambling using health-related quality of life (HRQL) weights, known as disability weights, which quantify the burden that a health state imposes on an individual.
If you are struggling with a gambling addiction, it is vital to seek professional help. You can get in touch with a specialist by searching online, calling your insurance provider or asking your doctor for a referral. Moreover, you should consider seeking support from loved ones, such as friends or family members who have been through similar situations. You can also start by reducing your financial risk factors, such as using credit cards or carrying large sums of cash. Finally, you should find healthier ways to cope with stress, such as working out at the gym or meditating. By addressing these triggers, you can reduce your urge to gamble and take control of your finances. Moreover, you should avoid gambling venues, as this may trigger your cravings. This could be a difficult step, but it is essential to your health and wellbeing.